Give a brief classification of the neuromuscular disorders
Due to the changing lifestyle and eating habits, people are more prone to poor health. Similarly, people are more likely to have various neurological problems such as spinal cord pain, migraine, constant headache, bone pain, etcetera. These problems can turn worse if you do not treat them at the right time and under the guidance of a well-experienced and qualified doctor. Therefore, whenever you realize something went wrong with your internal nervous system and bones, you should immediately meet the best Neurologist in Ludhiana.
Define neuromuscular disorders
Neuromuscular disorders have a negative effect on the internal body nerves that control voluntary muscles and the nerves that communicate sensory information reverse to the brain. We know neurons (nerve cells) pass and receive electrical messages to and from the body to help control voluntary muscles. The well-experienced neurosurgeon in Ludhiana says that any damage or dying neurons can result in miscommunication between muscles and nerves. Eventually, atrophy (waste away) and muscles weaken. There are several kinds of neuromuscular diseases. These are given below:
- Muscular dystrophy.
- Spinal muscular atrophy.
- Myasthenia gravis.
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Peripheral neuropathy.
- Charcot-Marie-Toth disease.
- Myositis (indulging dermatomyositis & polymyositis).
- ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis).
Which indicates neuromuscular disorders?
Neuromuscular disorders can show the following signs:
- Balance problems.
- Double vision.
- Trouble breathing
- Muscle weakness (that may result in cramps, aches, twitching, and pains).
- Droopy eyelids.
- Muscle loss and movement problems.
- Numbness, painful sensations, and tingling.
- Trouble swallowing.
What are the sources of neuromuscular disorders?
The following are the major causes that result in neuromuscular diseases:
- Dietary deficiency.
- Genetic mutation.
- Autoimmune disorder.
- Certain drugs and poisons.
- Hormonal disorder.
- Viral infection.
- Metabolic disorder.
- Not known factors.
How to diagnose neuromuscular diseases?
Typically, people can not identify neuromuscular disorders. They should meet a neurologist who will physically examine them and ask about their previous medical and family history. They will check muscle strength, reflexes, and other signs in patients. If you still need help to reach any acceptable results. They recommend the following tests. These are:
- Nerve conduction studies examine the traveling of nerve signals to muscles.
- EMG (Electromyography) to measure the electrical activity of every muscle.
- Blood test to identify the elevated enzymes.
- MRI scan (Magnetic resonance imaging for spinal cord and brain.
- Muscle biopsy to inspect a sample of muscle tissue with the help of a microscope.
- Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to rectify cerebrospinal fluid.
- Genetic testing to confirm gene mutations.
How to treat neuromuscular disorders?
Medical scientists have been doing research to treat neuromuscular disorders for the past several years but have been unable to do so. However, research is going on about genetic therapies and new medications to find the best solution against neuromuscular disorders. Apart from this, certain drugs are proper against neuromuscular diseases. These medications are also helpful in delaying disease progression, and increase the quality of life for patients is accomplished with medications, occupational therapy, physical therapy, etcetera.
Visit the Neuro Life Brain & Spine Centre if you struggle with neurological problems. So, book your appointment with our experts.